IELTS Vocabulary pdf

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

 

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affably 

in a pleasant or friendly way

afield

far afield a long way
away  People come from far afield to visit
the grave

agenda 

noun a list of points
for discussion  what’s on the agenda?
what are we going to discuss?

agog

adj  all agog very eager 
They were all agog to hear her story

alienate
verb 1. to make someone
feel unfriendly 2. to make someone not
want to support you

allege

verb to suggest that someone
may have done something wrong. Synonym
claim

barnstorming
adj full of wild political oratory

bigoted

adj with very strong and
unreasonable ideas about something. Synonym
prejudiced. Antonym open-minded

bipartite

adj with two sides
taking part

bleak 

adj 1. cold and unpleasant 
The path led across bleak mountains. 2.
showing no sign of hope  She gave him a
bleak stare.  With no qualifications, his job
prospects are bleak.

bootleg

adj sold illegally. Synonym
illegal

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Briton

noun a person from the
United Kingdom

buoyant

adj 1. which can float
easily, which helps something float easily 
The raft became waterlogged and was no
longer buoyant.  Salt water is more buoyant
than fresh water. 2. full of confidence  She
left the meeting in a very buoyant mood.

cahoots

noun (informal.)  to
be in cahoots with someone to work with
someone against another person  I think
she’s in cahoots with the drugs gang.

cairn

noun a pile of stones to mark
an important spot

caricature 

noun a funny
drawing or description which exaggerates a
person’s appearance  He drew a caricature
of the Prime Minister.  Her description of
the office is nothing less than a caricature of
the system.  verb to draw a caricature of
someone  The Prime Minister is easy to
caricature.

cartel

noun a group of companies
which try to fix the price of something

derisory

adj ridiculously small

despise

verb to look down on
someone, to think someone is not worth
much. Synonym loathe. Antonym admire

egregious

adj very bad (formal.)

elision

noun the omission of an
element of a word or phrase

Vocabulary for IELTS

fidelity

noun 1. the fact of being
faithful  He was rewarded for his fidelity to
the president. 2. the quality of the sound produced
by an electronic machine such as a CD
player  a high fidelity CD player

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figurative 

adj 1. (of art.) which
shows something as it really is  He’s a
well-known figurative artist.

glaring

adj 1. very bright  the
glaring headlights of the cars 2. fierce  He
gave me a glaring look. 3. obvious  The
book is full of glaring mistakes

hoax

noun a trick played on someone
as a joke or to annoy him or her  The
police and fire brigade arrived but the bomb
was just a hoax.  The ambulance answered
a hoax telephone call.

Vocabulary for IELTS

immaculate

adj 1. extremely
clean or tidy  The car looked absolutely
immaculate

laconically 

adv using only a
few words

opulent

adj rich, luxurious or
splendid. Antonym sparse

propaganda

noun the
spreading of false or biased information
about something which you want the public
to believe

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

stance 

noun 1. the position of
someone when standing  His stance is so
awkward I’m surprised he can even hit the
ball. 2. a point of view or opinion  Her
stance on environmental issues is surprising.
 The party has adopted a new progressive
stance on education.

unpalatable 

adj unpleasant
to consider or accept  She had to face
some unpalatable facts.

yank

noun a short sharp pull  He
gave the rope a yank and it came away in his
hands.  verb to pull hard and sharply 
Yank that string and it should ring a bell in
the bar.  She tried to yank the pram out of
the mud. Synonym pull

zealot

noun a fanatic, a person who
shows excessive zeal, especially for religion.
Synonym extremist. Antonym moderate

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

aback

taken aback surprised
and shocked by something unpleasant
She was somewhat taken aback when he
told her there was no train that evening.

abandoned

adj no longer used or lived in

abashed

adj ashamed or embarrassed

abject

very bad abject poverty 2. making you feel ashamed
 an abject apology  abject terror

able-bodied

adj fit and healthy

abrasion

noun 1. the action of rubbing off the surface of something

2. an area of skin damaged by rubbing against
something hard  There were cuts and abrasions
all over her legs.

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

abridgement

noun a shortened form of a text such as a book or play

abysmal

adj extremely bad. Synonym terrible. Antonym superb

accredit

verb to make someone an official representative.

barbell 

noun a long metal bar
with a weight at each end which is used in
weightlifting

beastly 

adj nasty (dated informal.)
Synonym horrid. Antonym lovely

beckon 

verb  to beckon to
someone to make a sign with your hand telling
someone to come  The nurse beckoned
to her to come into the room

bedraggled

adj dirty, untidy
and wet. Synonym unkempt

bemoan 

verb to complain about
something. Synonym lament. Antonym
applaud

censure

noun criticism  There
was widespread public censure of the government.
Antonym approval  verb to criticise
 The Opposition put forward a motion
to censure the Government.

certitude 

noun certainty. Synonym
conviction. Antonym uncertainty

deaden

verb to make something
less intense, e.g. to make a sound quieter or a
pain less painful. Synonym soften

decadent /
dekəd(ə)nt/ adj which is declining
in moral values. Synonym
debauched

decry 

verb to criticise something
or say that something is bad. Synonym criticise.
Antonym praise

enigma

noun a mystery or puzzle.
Synonym paradox

enticing

adj which attracts or
tempts someone to do something. Synonym
tempting

fatality

noun a death in an accident

feisty

adj energetic and brave (informal.).
Synonym lively. Antonym feeble

gradient 

noun a slope in a
road or railway

hastily

adv carelessly and
quickly

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

revamp

verb to improve the appearance
of something which is slightly
old-fashioned

swindle 

noun an illegal deal in
which someone is cheated out of money 
She was caught up in some swindle involving
imported cars. Synonym fraud

tenacious

adj 1. holding on
tightly to something, determined to have
your own way  We have to deal with several
very tenacious tenants. 2. holding on to
an idea tightly  her tenacious belief in socialist
principles

wistful 

adj longing for something,
but sad because there is no hope of getting
it. Synonym pensive. Antonym
satisfied

ambivalent

adj not sure or decided. Synonym unsure

amble 

verb to walk in a relaxed way without hurrying. Synonym stroll. Antonym
dash

amicably

adv in a friendly way

amiss

adv, adj  something is
amiss something is wrong, there is a problem
 They checked the engine, but nothing
seemed to be amiss.  don’t take it amiss
don’t be annoyed

anarchic

adj without any law or order

annihilate 

verb to destroy
something completely

aplomb 

noun a calm and
self-confident attitude. Synonym assurance

appease

verb 1. to try to improve
something bad or uncomfortable 2. to give in
to another country in the hope that they will
not start a war

archetype 

noun a typical example
of something

aristocracy

noun the people
of the highest class in society, usually
with titles such as Lord or Duke.

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

aura

noun a general feeling or quality
in a particular situation. Synonym air

babble

1. a little sound
made by water as it flows  the babble of the
stream 2. the sound of people talking together
 a babble of voices in the next room

bashful
adj shy and embarrassed.
Synonym shy

baulk

verb  to baulk at something
to refuse to do something which is dangerous
or unpleasant  He did all sorts of work in
the office, but baulked at having to clean the
toilets.  She baulked at the cost of the air
fare to New Zealand

chalk up

verb to achieve a
score or a victory

chauffeur 

noun a person who is
paid to drive a car for someone else  The
chauffeur brought the Rolls round to the
door. Synonym driver

chink

noun 1. a very small hole or
crack  Even a tiny chink in the curtains will
let light into the darkroom. 2. a little noise of
pieces of something hard hitting each other 
The chink of glasses on the waiter’s tray. 
verb to make a little noise  We could hear
the ice cubes chinking as she carried the tray
of drinks over to us.

churlish 

adj unfriendly or
unhelpful

cloistered

adj protected from
the outside world and its problems. Synonym
secluded

damp

adj rather wet  She’d just
had a shower and her hair was still damp. 
The cellar has cold damp walls. (NOTE:
damper – dampest)  noun moisture in the
air or on a surface  The damp makes my
rheumatism worse.  verb to wet something
slightly  The dew has damped the grass

daunt

verb to discourage or frighten
someone. Antonym encourage  nothing
daunted not discouraged at all  He saw the
crocodile and, nothing daunted, continued to
walk along the river bank.

dazed 

adj confused in the mind.
Synonym confused

epitome

noun a person who
shows a particular quality very strongly. Antonym
antithesis

excursion

noun a short
pleasure trip

fag 

noun 1. tiring or boring work (informal.)
 It’s such a fag, licking all these envelopes.
2. a cigarette  He cadged a fag off
me.  I bought a packet of fags at the kiosk

famished

adj very hungry

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

graffiti

noun writing on walls in
public places

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

halt

noun a complete stop. Synonym
standstill  to come to a halt to stop
completely  The lorry came to a halt just
before the wall.

 

riveting

adj which holds everyone’s
attention (informal.) Synonym fascinating.
Antonym boring

swingeing 

adj harsh, heavy

tenable

adj which can be held
or supported. Antonym untenable

warring

adj at war. Synonym belligerent.
Antonym friendly

winch

noun a device which pulls
things up by winding a rope around a drum 
The recovery vehicle has a winch at the back.
Synonym hoist  verb to pull up or to lift by
using a winch  The sailors were winched
from the yacht by helicopter.

acquaint
verb 1.  to be acquainted with someone or something have
some knowledge of someone or something
(formal.)  Is he acquainted with the details
of the case?  She is acquainted with my father.
2. to inform someone

acquiesce

/kwies/ verb to agree to
something without protesting about it (formal.).
Synonym accept. Antonym resist

adamant 

with firm opinions.
Synonym obstinate. Antonym
amenable

adorn 

verb to decorate something
with ornaments (formal.)

adrift
1. floating on the water
but not being guided by anyone  to cast a
boat adrift to let a boat float without control
2. not connected  It won’t work because the
wire has come adrift from the plug. 3. away
from the correct figure  I think we are about
£250 adrift in our calculations.

aerodrome 

noun a small
airport. Synonym airfield

avant-garde

adj describes
things such as forms of art or ways of thinking
that are new, original and not traditional

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

backer

1. a person who supports
a project with money  One of the company’s
backers has withdrawn. 2. a person
who risks money by saying which horse,
team, etc. will win a particular race or competition
 Several backers lost thousands
when the favourite fell at the last fence

bane

noun  it’s the bane of my life
it’s very annoying  The neighbour’s dog is
the bane of our lives.

bargain

noun 1. an agreed deal
 to strike a bargain to agree terms  We
shook hands and the bargain was struck.

besotted

adj  besotted with
someone madly in love with someone  I
don’t see what he sees in her, but he’s completely
besotted.  She’s besotted with her
new baby.

bewildered

adj confused or
puzzled

bide

verb 1. to wait for a good opportunity
to do something  If I were you I
wouldn’t do anything quickly, I’d bide my
time. 2. (archaic) to stay, or wait

cascade

noun a waterfall 
There are plants and trees and even a cascade
in the atrium of the hotel.  verb to fall
in large quantities  Pale pink roses cascading
down the brick wall.

castigate

verb to punish, to
criticise someone strongly (formal.). Synonym
criticise. Antonym praise

catastrophic

adj disastrous.
Antonym fortunate

caveat

noun a warning, especially
against doing something

defiance

noun a very proud action
against an opponent. Synonym insubordination.
Antonym compliance  as an act
of defiance to show that you are defying
someone  He kept his hat on in church as
an act of defiance.  in defiance of someone
or something acting proudly against someone
or something  Their protest march took
place in defiance of a police order.

defray

verb to provide money to
pay someone’s costs

demure

adj quiet and serious

eloquence

noun the art of
making speeches which persuade and convince

emigrate 

verb to leave your
country to live in another. Compare
immigrate

fend

/fend/ verb  to fend for yourself to
look after yourself  We went to Spain and
left the children to fend for themselves

fetish

noun 1. an object which is
believed by some people to be magic 2. a
strong sexual interest in a certain object or
material  a rubber fetish 3. a very strong interest
in or liking for something

globule

noun a small round
drop, especially of oil or another thick liquid

haywire

adj (informal.)  to go
haywire to stop working properly  Everything’s
gone haywire.

incoherent

adj not able
to speak in a way which makes sense

retrace

verb to go back to the origins
of something  to retrace your steps to
go back over the same path again  She
thought she had lost her watch while shopping,
so she retraced her steps from shop to
shop.

IELTS Vocabulary pdf

symposium

noun a meeting
organised to discuss a specialised subject.
Synonym conference (NOTE: The plural is
symposia.)

taint 

noun a trace of something bad
 We need a new finance director who is totally
free of the taint of corruption.  verb 1.
to damage something  His political reputation
has been permanently tainted by the
scandal. 2. to make something rotten 
tainted food food which has become rotten
by touching other rotten food

workaholic 

noun a person
who cannot stop working (informal.)

zilch 

noun nothing

IELTS Vocabulary List

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